WellFacts™ Property Reports


Before buying any property, you need to know if it had past oil or gas activity on it. However, you need to know much more information than just the location of an oil or gas well because you need to assess risks that can affect your health, cause environmental issues, and reduce your future property's value.

We can help. Don't make a mistake, Get the WellFactsTM first!

Learn more below and then complete the form to get started on the product you need.

Where are Oil and Gas Wells?

Many people do not realize that oil and gas wells have been drilled for over 100 years in numerous areas. In fact, it is estimated that over 3.5 million wells have been drilled onshore in the United States. This map from the USGS in 2017 shows the extent of known wells. The likelihood of property being affected is very high regardless of where you live.

USGS Map of Oil and Gas Wells 2017
Plugged Oil and Gas Wells are Not in Title Work or on Surveys.

Oil and gas well locations are not included in title work. Mineral leases are recorded in title work, along with any easements, but the actual well location is not identified. Since old plugged wells are cut off below ground, they do not show up on a survey. This also means any old buried pits or gathering lines are not identified. Therefore, you are not aware of their existence.

Studies show known oil and gas wells close to homes can reduce their value by 25%. Imagine how much the value of your property could be reduced if hidden wells are found. As an example from a real neighborhood, the stars in the picture show plugged wells, which are all below ground.

Oil and Gas Wells Can Leak.

When a well is drilled, cement is used between the wellbore and the casing to prevent fluids from different formations interacting with other formations, to prevent fluids from migrating to the surface, and to protect groundwater. This is a standard part of wellbore construction. This practice has changed over time and become more conservative. Unfortunately, failures in wellbore construction using cement occur creating leaks that harm groundwater and allow fluids and gases to migrate to the surface.

Cement is also to plug wells at the end of their productive life. No one knows exactly how long cement plugs will last though because they have only been used for about 100 years. During this time, many plug failures have occurred. As with any engineering solution, failures occur if there is no maintenance. Determining if failure is occurring is difficult when it is below ground. This picture depicts an exposed plugged well that is slowly leaking.

Oil and Gas Pits are Not in Title Work or on Surveys.

Just like oil and gas wells, old pits from oil and gas activity are not in title work or on surveys. The usage of pits for various products and waste was a common practice by oil and gas companies for decades. Even though some of these pits are no longer used, they are still common for some wastes and in some states.

Oil and gas pits are a serious concern for your health and the environment because they contain salts, heavy metals, and hydrocarbons. These can off gas and leach into the soil and groundwater. If any leached contaminants move off of your property, you are liable for the damage done to someone else's property.

This photograph is of reserve pit containing diesel-laden drilling waste. These pits are known to cause groundwater contamination.


We offer two solutions to learn about oil and gas activity on property: WellFacts™ Prime and WellFacts™ Pro. Once you have a specific home or property in mind, Wellfacts™ Prime identifies if there is oil and gas activity and provides basic information on the wells and operators of the wells. If there is activity, Wellfacts™ Pro gives a more detailed analysis.

Prime is focused on home buyers. This report lists plugged, active, or inactive wells on a property. We also include information on the operators of the wells, gathering lines on or around the property and, finally, potential risks from this oil and gas infrastructure . Home buyers can use this report to screen properties before purchasing a home saving themselves from future risk and financial loss. Once ordered, this report takes approximately two days to create depending on our backlog.
Pro focuses on buyers of farms and ranches. This report provides detailed information on identified wells in on property including all the information in Prime as wells as well drilling information, well construction information, plugging information, old pit information, and the likelihood of gathering lines. We also include information on possible mitigation methods for the risks identified. Once ordered, this report takes approximately five days to create depending on our backlog.
"Once we decided on two homes that we really wanted, we bought Wellfacts™ Prime to make sure we would not be impacted by any future problems from old oil well activity. I feel so much better about our home purchase now." - Amanda J.
"I have some acreage I bought a few years ago as an investment. I found an abandoned well on the land after I bought it. To learn more, I bought WellFacts™ Pro to find out about the well. Not only did the report provide this information, but it found three other plugged wells. I can now monitor them for any problems and know what company to call if there is a problem. Thank you, Waste Analytics." - Robert F.

Next Steps - Complete the WellFacts™ Customer Request Form

To find out about about a piece of property, complete the form below depending on the product you are interested in.

If you are interested in a WellFacts™ Report, complete Sections 1 & 2 of the form. We then send you a quote for the report. Pricing depends on the size of the property you want investigated. As an example, Wellfacts™ Prime costs $199 for a lot that is two acres or less. We also offer two of these reports for $358, if ordered at the same time, for property comparisons by completing Section 3.

For property with identified wells, we offer a more detailed report. WellFacts™ Pro starts at $349 for a lot that is two acres or less.

Don't make an offer on property without getting the WellFacts™ first.


Customer Information


Report Property Information

Waste Analytics offers a discount for home buyers that wish to purchase Prime on more than one property.

The additional report will receive a 20% discount!


Additional Report Property

Frequently Asked Questions

  • Are land and home prices impacted by oil and gas activities?

    • Several studies have shown that property values decrease on average by 25% when oil and gas wells are drilled.  If appraisers are unaware of old oil and gas activity, the property will be reduced once it is found.  This represents are serious issue for future property valuations.

  • Do state geographic information system (GIS) maps provide accurate information on oil and gas wells?

    • GIS maps often rely on locations that were based on surveys lines and not latitude and longitude.  Therefore, accuracy of location for old wells is not precise.  Other information that is important to determining risks from oil and gas activity is also difficult to find on oil and gas regulatory sites.

  • Do phase one environmental site assessments provide the same information as WellFactsTM?

    • No, because WellFactsTM provides much more detailed information on oil and gas activity that is critical for risk assessment.

  • Do other countries have similar numbers of oil and gas wells onshore as the United States?

    • No, the United States has more wells drilled onshore than any other country.  This means the United States has been impacted the most by oil and gas activity.

  • Who is responsible for plugging leaking wells?

    • The oil and gas company who plugged the well is responsible for re-plugging the well if it leaks.  However, the company still has to be in business.  If the operator is no longer a viable entity, the state government is responsible for re-plugging.  Environmental damage to soils and groundwater is a separate issue regarding the responsibility for cleanup than re-plugging a leaking well.

  • Are some wells more susceptible to leaking than other wells?

    • Yes, there are multiple factors that may cause a well to leak.

  • Are well construction and well plugging practices regulated by the federal government?

    • The federal government only regulates oil and gas wells on federal lands.  Most oil and gas wells are drilled on private land which is regulated by state regulatory agencies, e.g., Railroad Commission of Texas, Oklahoma Corporation Commission.

  • Have well construction and well plugging engineering changed over time?

    • Yes, engineering practices have improved.  However, not all states require the most up-to-date engineering practices.

  • Does home insurance cover leaking plugged wells or contamination from old pits?

    • No, homeowner’s insurance does not cover any issues below the surface of the land.

  • Does general liability on farms or ranches cover environmental damage from oil and gas operations?

    • No, general liability usually does not cover environmental damage.